Simmondsia chinensis  (Link) C.K. Schneid. Jojoba   Simmondsia

Jojoba, Simmondsia californica, a small evergreen tree that grows in the Sonoran Desert, has sparked much interest among growers, for its seed's oil is the only natural substitute for sperm whale oil.  Female plants bear fruit capsules which contain one-to-three oily, chocolate brown seeds about the size of a hazelnut.

At one time fresh nuts were an important food for Indians and Mexicans.  Nuts contain 50% oil, which was used by Native Americans in medicine and cooking.  Cosmetic companies produce ointments, soaps, shampoos and moisturizers from jojoba seeds.

The Seri Indians of Mexico use the seeds in necklaces as seen below.11

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